Tag Archives: python

What I Learned at PyTennessee 2015

This Sunday saw the conclusion of the second annual PyTennessee conference. A few hundred people came from near and far to talk all things Python. Here are my takeaways:

1. Flask Looks Cool, But I Haven’t Needed It Yet

You could say that Django is my hammer, and I’ve treated most of my recent projects as nails. I’ve certainly been aware of Flask but haven’t dug in enough yet to know what it’s really all about. Thanks to @commadelimited‘s presentation on the subject, I get it: it’s URLs, views, and templates without all the other stuff Django provides. The sample code looks beautiful and simple, but the Django ORM is my workhorse. Check out the slides.

2. I Need to Work Harder at Being a Mentor

@jessejiryudavis gave a great talk on mentoring. What really hit home for me was that a Senior Engineer ought to be evaluated not just on their work, but their ability to power up their junior counterparts. Here’s the written version: http://emptysqua.re/blog/mentoring/

3. Yes, Virginia, Software Can Be Beautiful

Those who were present for @2braids‘ “The Well-Tempered” API presentation/performance will be talking about it for many PyTennessees to come. Three words: Baroque Cooperative Multitasking.

4. My Code Isn’t As Empathetic As It Could Be

I thought I was doing a good job translating user stories with my ‘plain english’ comments in my functional tests. Then @odonnell004 gave me a between-session version of his talk on Behavior-Driven Development. Now THAT’s user empathy. I’ll be trying to get LiveServerTestCase to do the Cucumber/Lettuce thing. Here’s his approach for doing BDD with Django.

5. I Might Be Working Too Hard On My Mocks

Nothing brings on a face-palm better than a good presentation about a Python library that you should have been using for the last 6 months. For me, those libraries are vcrpy and betamax, and that presentation was given by @sigmavirus24. I’ve been hand-writing responses for mocked external APIs like every freaking day since October 1.

Thanks PyTennessee! See you next year!

 

 

Create and Download a CSV (or any other file type) with a Plone View

Do you have a content type that you’d like to be able to offer as Comma Separated Value (CSV)/Excel download? Python can create both formats pretty easily (using either the standard csv library, or xlwt) and you can write a view for your content type that will create the file and return it to the user as a file download.

At Plone.org, Martin Aspeli covers this process as a part of the five.grok documentation. I’d already created my product without using five.grok, and I didn’t figure this one use case was enough reason to switch. So here’s what I came up with:

First, register the view in browser/configure.zcml

...
    <browser:view
      for="my.product.interfaces.IMyContentType"
      name="csv_view"
      class=".mycontenttypeview.MyContentTypeCsvView"
      permission="zope.Public"
      />
...

I added the view to browser/myContentType.py under the default view.

...
class MyContentTypeCsvView(BrowserView):
    """
    Download the content type as a CSV file.
    """
    
    def __call__(self):
        """
	Build a CSV from the content type.
	"""
	out = StringIO()
	writer = csv.writer(out)

        ...
        # make the CSV file
        ...

	filename = "%s.csv" % context.id

	self.request.response.setHeader('Content-Type', 'text/csv')
	self.request.response.setHeader('Content-Disposition', 'attachment; filename="%s"' % filename)

        return out.getvalue()

Now you should be able to link to http://mysite.com/mycontenttype/csv_view and initiate a file download.

How to view the contents of the browser in ZopeTestCase

In first writing tests for Plone products, it was difficult for me to figure out what was in the browser when a failure occurred. Adding the two following lines just after the offending code will create a file ‘test.html’ that you can view in a real broswer:

>>> f = open('/Users/kevin/Desktop/test.html','w')
>>> f.write(browser.contents)

Change the path as necessary to point to your desktop, run the test, and click the file on your Desktop to figure out what the heck is going on.

Adding a new user in a ZopeTestCase doctest

One of the content types in a Plone product I’m working on needed to refer to one of the users in the site. Therefore I needed to get some users in the system in the doctest. At first I tried .click()ing through the interface to get to add a new user through Site Setup. After much wailing and gnashing of teeth, I realized I could do this in straight Python:

>>> pr = self.portal.portal_registration
>>> pr.addMember(id = 'ddastardly',
...              password = 'password',
...              roles = ["Member",],
...              properties = {'fullname': 'Dick Dastardly',
...                            'username': 'ddastardly',
...                            'email': 'ddastardly@example.com',}
...              )

This is cool because I don’t need to test the Plone “Add a New User” interface as a part of my product. I only need a few users available to test my content type. Later, if you need to do anything as this user, you can log in like this.

>>> browser.getLink('Log in').click()
>>> browser.getControl(name='__ac_name').value = 'swhiplash'
>>> browser.getControl(name='__ac_password').value = 'password'
>>> browser.getControl(name='submit').click()
>>> 'You are now logged in' in browser.contents
True

Accessing radio buttons & checkboxes in the ZopeTestCase browser

This definitely falls into the ‘reminding-myself-for-next-time’ blog category, but maybe this will help someone else out. I found myself needing to test radio buttons that didn’t have labels (don’t ask why). Those radio buttons all shared the same name attribute. Trying to access them by the name got the larger ListControl, not any of the radio buttons themselves:

>>> # here the radio buttons have the name "age_group"
>>> from Products.Five.testbrowser import Browser
>>> browser = Browser()
>>> browser.getControl(name='age_group').click()
>>> .... (continued)
>>> AttributeError: 'ListControl' object has no attribute 'click'

You can, however, access the individual radio buttons from the ListControl using the controls attribute on the ListControl. controls returns a list of the ListControl’s child controls, which you can access by index.

>>> # here the second radio button's value attribute is '20-25'
>>> browser.getControl(name='age_group').controls[1].selected = True
>>> browser.getControl(name='age_group').value
['20-25']

Accessing the new model instance with Django’s “post_save” signal

I’d been wracking my brain for a few hours before I finally went back to the Django signals documentation and looked up how to get to the newly created instance with Django’s ‘post_save’ signal. I’m not sure if johnboxall’s django-paypal signal example is out of date or simply erroneous, but it’s not the right way to do it. I’d expected the sender itself to be the new instance. Instead, this:

def notify_on_payment(sender, **kwargs):
  print "We got it"
  ipn_obj = sender
  print ipn_obj

post_save.connect(notify_on_payment, sender=PayPalIPN)

got me this:

We got it
<class 'paypal.standard.ipn.models.PayPalIPN'>

…plus a big fat error page in the browser.

Note: I couldn’t get the payment_was_successful signal to work at all, so I rolled my own.

The <class> bit is NOT the newly created instance, but the class itself. Django did not like me trying to access the ‘id’ of a Model class.

Long story short, the actual instance is passed as a keyword argument. Here’s how to get to it:

def notify_on_payment(sender, **kwargs):
  print "We got it"
  ipn_obj = kwargs['instance']
  print ipn_obj

Here’s the output:

We got it
<IPN: Recurring > #This is the get_display for this particular Model

Much better :). I can now access fields on that instance using dot notation.

I’d be interested in knowing whether the example on johnboxall’s page is outdated or wrong. It would seem reasonable to me for the sender to be the newly created instance to send the signal. I am, however, usually wrong about these things. Any ideas?

Getting django-syncr running on WebFaction

I’m working on a Django installation at WebFaction that will be needing the special magnificence that is django-syncr. It’s got a few other dependencies, so I thought I’d record the steps I needed to take to get it up and running.

ElementTree

You don’t need this unless you’re using Python 2.4 or earlier, but if you do: http://effbot.org/zone/element-index.htm

django-tagging

Get it here: http://code.google.com/p/django-tagging/

OR…. just easy_install it :). I’m on Python 2.5, so SSH into your server and:

easy_install-2.5 django-tagging

God bless setuptools.

python-twitter

If you want to get your Twitter feed into your Django database, you’re gonna need python-twitter. And for python-twitter, you’re gonna need simplejson. Let’s get that first. If you’re still SSH’d in:

easy_install-2.5 simplejson

Now for python-twitter:

easy_install-2.5 python-twitter

Do you want the Flickr support?

Flickr won’t release the actual photo or allow it to be embedded using the API (as far as I can tell). I don’t really see any need for all the Flickr metadata to live in my database without the image, so I’m skipping it.

Installing django-syncr itself

django-syncr isn’t in PyPI yet, so we’ll have to download and install it the old-fashioned setuptools way:

cd ~/webapps/djangoapp/
mkdir src
cd src
svn checkout http://django-syncr.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/ syncr
cd ..
easy_install-2.5 src/syncr

I pulled up out of the ‘src’ directory so easy_install would no exactly what ‘syncr’ I was talking about.

Including django-syncr in your Installed Apps

You’ll need to edit your settings.py file to tell django you’d like to use the new apps you just easy_installed. Get to your settings.py file and open it with your favorite editor:

cd ~/webapps/djangoapp/myproject/
emacs settings.py

Added the following lines (between the ellipses) to your ‘INSTALLED_APPS’:

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    ...
    'tagging',
    'syncr.youtube',
    'syncr.twitter',
    ...
)

In my particular case, I’ve added it after a bunch of Satchmo stuff but before my own app.

Syndb and restart

That’s it for the tricky stuff. If you’ve done everything right you should be able to sync the database no problem (now is a great time to back up your data, by the way):

python2.5 manage.py syncdb

Then restart your server…

../apache2/bin/restart

and check your admin site for the new tables.

Installing Satchmo on Snow Leopard

Django is my framework of choice for non-CMS web applications, and that makes Satchmo my choice for eCommerce. It’s a great library, even if it does have a million dependencies. On the bright side, I’ve used many of it’s dependencies in other projects, so look at installing these as a chance to learn more about Python.

This tutorial is based on the excellent instructions at the Satchmo Project site.

Installing Dependencies

If you’re going to use Satchmo, you’ve of course got to have Django. See my Django installation tutorial.

Remember how I said that I like to keep Libraries in my user folder? Here’s my first official renege. I don’t want to keep up with all these dependencies, so I’m going to allow easy_install to install these libraries in my Python 2.6 SITE-PACKAGES whenever possible.

Installing easy_install

Here are the official instructions, written for the slightly more advanced user. Here’s what I did:

  1. Download the SetupTools Python egg for our version of Python (2.6, the default on Snow Leopard)
  2. Run the egg as a Shell script with the following Terminal command:
    sudo sh /Users/kevin/Downloads/setuptools-0.6c11-py2.6.egg
  3. Type in your password when your asked for it

That’s it. easy_install is installed as a part of setuptools, and you can run it directly from Terminal by typing ‘easy_install’

Installing the other dependencies

These are generally straightforward with easy_install. Use the command below the name of each library to install. Notes included where I ran into trouble.

Pycrypto

easy_install pycrypto

ReportLab

There’s a link to the 2.5 egg on the Satchmo install site, but that doesn’t help us much. Here’s how to get ReportLab for Python 2.6 (you’ll need GCC, which is a part of XCode):

  1. Download the latest ReportLab tarball from the ReportLab site.
  2. Move the tarball into your user folder and un-tar it
  3. cd
    mv Downloads/ReportLab_2_3.tar.gz ReportLab_2_3.tar.gz
    tar xzvf ReportLab_2_3.tar.gz
  4. Move into the new directory and type the following command to install it:
  5. cd ReportLab_2_3
    python setup.py install

After running this I got the following error:

########## SUMMARY INFO #########
################################################
#Attempting install of _rl_accel, sgmlop & pyHnj
#extensions from '/Users/kevin/ReportLab_2_3/src/rl_addons/rl_accel'
################################################
################################################
#Attempting install of _renderPM
#extensions from '/Users/kevin/ReportLab_2_3/src/rl_addons/renderPM'
# installing without freetype no ttf, sorry!
################################################

Not sure what’s going on here, but I’ll ignore this for now.

TRML2PDF

easy_install http://www.satchmoproject.com/snapshots/trml2pdf-1.2.tar.gz

django-registration

easy_install django-registration

PyYAML

easy_install PyYAML

Python Imaging Library (PIL)

sudo easy_install --find-links=http://download.zope.org/distribution PILwoTk

Django-Threaded-Multihost

  1. Download the django-threaded-multihost tarball from GoSatchmo
  2. Move the tarball into your user folder and un-tar it
  3. cd
    mv Downloads/django-threaded-multihost-1.3-2.tar.gz django-threaded-multihost-1.3-2.tar.gz
    tar xzvf django-threaded-multihost-1.3-2.tar.gz
  4. Move into the new directory and type the following command to install it:
  5. cd django-threaded-multihost-1.3-2
    python setup.py install

Django-App-Plugins

  1. This one’s a little funky. We’re going to need a place for this to live. Make a new directory ‘/Users/kevin/src/django/plugins/’
    mkdir ~/src/django/plugins
  2. Move to the new directory and checkout django-app-plugins from Subversion
  3. cd ~/src/django/plugins
    svn checkout http://django-app-plugins.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/ django-app-plugins-read-only
  4. Create a symbolic link to the SITE-PACKAGES directory from django-app-plugins/app_plugins
    cd /Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/
    ln -s /Users/kevin/src/django/plugins/django-app-plugins-read-only/app_plugins .

SORL-Thumbnail

This package is kept in a Mercurial repository. You’ll have to download and install Mercurial. Here’s the Mercurial Installer for Snow Leopard.

  1. Move to your newly created ‘plugins’ directory and checkout SORL-Thumbnail with Mercurial
    cd ~/src/django/plugins
    hg clone https://sorl-thumbnail.googlecode.com/hg/ sorl-thumbnail
  2. Create a symbolic link to your SITE-PACKAGES directory for SORL-Thumbnail
    cd /Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/
    ln -s /Users/kevin/src/django/plugins/sorl-thumbnail/sorl .

signals-ahoy

  1. Move to your newly created ‘plugins’ directory and checkout signals-ahoy with Mercurial
    cd ~/src/django/plugins
    hg clone http://bitbucket.org/bkroeze/django-signals-ahoy/
  2. Create a symbolic link to your SITE-PACKAGES directory for django-signals-ahoy/signals-ahoy
    cd /Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/
    ln -s /Users/kevin/src/django/plugins/django-signals-ahoy/signals_ahoy .

Sphinx

sudo easy_install sphinx

Docutils

sudo easy_install docutils

Installing Satchmo

Still with me? I want to install Satchmo the same way I installed Django. I’ll be installing it in it’s own directory in ‘src’, though it is technically a plugin. I might be using different versions of Satchmo in the future. I also want to be able to browse the source without too much trouble.

  1. Checkout Satchmo into your ‘src’ directory
    cd ~/src
    mdkir satchmo
    cd satchmo
    hg clone http://bitbucket.org/chris1610/satchmo/ satchmo-trunk
  2. Add ‘satchmo-trunk/satchmo/apps’ to your Python path. I did this by adding it to my .bash_profile. Either edit or create yours, in the root your user directory, to include this line:
    export PYTHONPATH="$PYTHONPATH:/Users/kevin/src/satchmo/satchmo-trunk/satchmo/apps"

At this point, Satchmo is installed. You should be able to import Satchmo from the Python 2.6 interpreter:

>>> import satchmo_store

… and you can now run pre-exisiting Satchmo projects on your iMac.

Installing Django (1.1) and MySQL on Snow Leopard

A few days ago I posted my misadventures in setting up a Plone 3 buildout on Snow Leopard. That (fingers crossed) was a lot more complicated than getting Django going. However, I’ll also be installing MySQL (my database of choice) as a backend database. I’ll be foregoing Apache and mod_wsgi, as this is just a development instance.

Most of this is based on the excellent instructions available at the Django site

Working With What We’ve Got

The Macintosh Operating System, being the forward thinking platform that it is, already has Python 2.5 and 2.6 installed. Python 2.6 is the default (it’s the interpreter that starts when you type ‘python’ into the Terminal), and we’ll be sticking with that. It also includes Subversion, which we’ll use to download and update the Django trunk.

Where To Put Django

As my coding style has developed, I’ve gravitated more toward keeping Python libraries that need close management in my ‘home’ folder (/Users/kevin/ on my machine) and using symbolic links to get it on my Python path. It appears to me that everything installed under ‘/Library/’ is laid out quite nicely without any of my assistance, thank you very much.

Besides not wanting to play around with the system folders, there are a couple advantages to installing like this. First, I’ll want to update my Django installation as new code comes out, and it’s simpler to find stuff in your home folder. Second, keeping packages like Django in your home folder makes browsing the source code (a must in Open Source) much simpler.

You’ll see me use easy_install to get stuff for Pythons 2.5 and 2.6, but as a general rule if I have to manually install it it’s going in my home folder. For an alternative approach (i.e. installing Django in the local site-packages directory) see this post.

Getting MySQL

To paraphrase Billy Bob Thornton from The Bad News Bears, developing in Django without a database is kind of like kissing your sister. Let’s install MySQL.

There are lots of ways to install MySQL, including compiling and installing from source. As this is a Django development machine, I feel comfortable simply using an installer package. To my surprise, MySQL as of today doesn’t have a specific 10.6 installer package on their downloads page. No matter, we’ll just grab the 64-bit version for Mac OS X 5.

  1. Go to http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/5.5.html#downloads (for MySQL 5.5, the most current recommended version)
  2. Find the “Mac OS X 10.5 (x86_64)” under “Mac OS (package format)” and click “Pick a mirror”
  3. MySQL/Sun Microsystems will want to know everything about you. Go ahead and register.
  4. Pick a site, download the package, and double click to open the package
  5. Click “mysql-5.5.0-m2-osx10.5-x86_64.pkg” to begin the install
  6. OPTIONAL: click “mySQLStartupItem.pkg” to have MySQL start when you start your system
  7. Head’s Up!

    I don’t want MySQL running all the time, so I’m not going to install the MySQL Startup Item. That means that I’ll have to START MYSQL FROM TERMINAL EVERY TIME I WANT TO USE IT. I’ll show you how to make this simple a bit further down.

  8. OPTIONAL: click “MySQL.prefPane” to install a Preference Pane in the System Preference for MySQL (I didn’t do this either)
  9. Using your favorite text editor, create a new document called “.bash_profile” in your home directory (yes, the dot is supposed to be there). We’re going to add the MySQL directory to the PATH, allowing you to run MySQL commands by typing one string into the terminal (not the entire path). Add the following line to “.bash_profile” and save it.
  10. export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin"
  11. You’ll need a root password for MySQL. Type the following command into Terminal, replacing “superduper” with a password you’ll remember
  12. mysqladmin -u root password superduper

To start MySQL, type the following into your Terminal

sudo mysqld_safe

You’ll be prompted for your system password. Enter it and MySQL will start running. You’ll need to leave a Terminal tab open to leaveit running. To stop MySQL, type Control+Z from the Terminal tab it’s running from. Now for Django itself.

Installing MySQLdb

MySQLdb is the Python library that let’s us manipulate a MySQLdb with Python code.

  1. Download the MySQLdb tarball from SourceForge.net
  2. Move the tarball to your user directory and un-tar it
    cd
    mv Downloads/MySQL-python-1.2.3c1.tar.gz MySQL-python-1.2.3c1.tar.gz
    tar xzvf MySQL-python-1.2.3c1.tar.gz
  3. Change into the directory your just created and install the library
    cd MySQL-python-1.2.3c1
    python setup.py install

Installing Django 1.1

Most of the Django sites I’ve installed at at version 1.1, but not all. I’ll also probably want to run the development version at some point as well. I’m going to set up the directories around Django with that in mind.

  1. Open Terminal, and create the following directory structure (some of which will already exist): /Users/kevin/src/django/core/. Working in our home directory…
    mkdir src
    cd src
    mkdir django
    cd django
    mkdir core
    cd core
  2. Download the latest stable version of Django 1.1 (it’s a tar.gz file, AKA a ‘tarball’)
  3. Unpack the Django tarball into the directory you created in step 1. Working in the ‘core’ directory…
    tar xzvf /Users/kevin/Downloads/Django-1.1.1.tar.gz
  4. Change into the directory you created in step 3
    cd Django-1.1.1
  5. Here is where I start deviating a little from the norm. I want to keep this code in my home directory, so I’m going to create a symbolic link to my Python SITE-PACKAGES directory that points to this version of Django. First, find your Site-Packages directory by typing this into Terminal
    python -c "from distutils.sysconfig import get_python_lib; print get_python_lib()"

    In my case, this returned:

    /Library/Python/2.6/site-packages

    So, to make the symbolic link (from within the Django-1.1.1 directory), I type:

    ln -s $PWD/django /Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/django

    (change the path to match your own SITE-PACKAGES directory)

  6. I’m going to want django-admin.py in my path (and you will too). Create a symbolic link to /usr/local/bin:
    sudo ln -s /Users/kevin/src/django/core/Django-1.1.1/django/bin/django-admin.py /usr/local/bin
  7. Check that you’ve installed Django correctly by starting the Python Interpreter (type ‘python’ into the command line) and try importing Django
    >>> import django

    No errors = awesomeness

This method installing Django 1.1.1 as my default Django (the Django I get when I type ‘django’ into a Python Interpreter). If you wanted to simultaneously run a different version of Django, repeat this process with the tarball for that version (or checkout the trunk from Subversion). When you create the symbolic link, name it something other than ‘django’ (i.e. ‘django-1.1.1’ or ‘django-trunk’).

Plone Buildout on Snow Leopard… from the ground up

This is how I got a fresh Plone buildout up and running on my brand new iMac. I’m writing this mostly for my designer buddies here in Nashville, in the hopes that one day they will come to the light and start skinning Plone sites with me. We can dream can’t we?

Major thanks to Brian Gershon (without this blog post it would have taken me until the Ides of March to get through this), and especially Florian Schulze for his buildout that makes Python 2.4 on Snow Leopard a snap.

Step 1: Find Your Mac OS X Install DVD

Okay, if you’re like me, you don’t know where your install DVD is. Unless, of course, you’ve broken the seal on your new Mac less that 24 hours prior.

If you have your Install DVD:

  1. Insert the DVD, open it, and open “Optional Installs”
  2. Double click “Xcode.mpkg”
  3. Let Xcode install on your machine. It took me between 15 and 20 minutes.

If you DON’T have your Install DVD:

  1. Go to http://developer.apple.com/TOOLS/Xcode/
  2. Click “Download Latest Xcode”
  3. Create an ADC membership if you haven’t already (it’s free)
  4. Download the package (it’s a doozy, 2 GB+)
  5. Double click the package file after you’ve downloaded it
  6. Let Xcode install

Once you’ve gone through the install process, open up Terminal by going to Applications -> Utilities (go ahead and drag it to the dock, you’ll need it later). Type ‘gcc’ into Terminal and press Return. You should get something like the following:

i686-apple-darwin10-gcc-4.2.1: no input files

What’s that, you say? Why, that’s your brand new GNU C Compiler telling you it needs an input file before it can do anything! If you see something different, you probably had a problem installing Xcode.

Step 2: Installing Python 2.4 (and other goodies)

As I’m still working in Plone 3, I’ll have to install Python 2.4. SL ships with Pythons 2.5 and 2.6. Usually it’d be easy to install different versions of Python, but according to Brian’s post SL mangles up a Python 2.4 installation. Here come’s Florian’s buildout to the rescue.

NOTE: This installation method is specific to some problems that Snow Leopard had with Python 2.4. Details available here and on Brian’s blog.

To Install Python 2.4 and the rest of the gang:

  1. Open Terminal
  2. Create a new directory called ‘src’ in your home directory by typing in the following command
  3. mkdir src
  4. Move into that directory with this command
  5. cd src
  6. Checkout and run Florian’s buildout with the following commands
  7. svn co http://svn.plone.org/svn/collective/buildout/python/
    cd python
    python bootstrap.py
    bin/buildout

You should now be able to run Python 2.4 by typing the following code into Terminal:

python-2.4/bin/python2.4

That’s the Python2.4 deep inside your user directory. As it stands, you’d have to use the full path to that file to run Python 2.4. Let’s change that.

Symlinking Python 2.4 to the path:

The goal here is to be able to run Python 2.4 by simply typing “python2.4” into the Terminal. To accomplish this:

  1. Change to a directory in your path (I used /usr/bin)
  2. cd /usr/bin
  3. Type in the following command, substituting your username for “kevin”. You’ll have to type in your password, as we’re editing system files here (type carefully!)
  4. sudo ln -s /Users/kevin/src/python/python-2.4/bin/python2.4 python2.4
  5. Go back to your home folder, and try running Python 2.4 without the path
  6. cd ~
    python2.4

If you get a Python 2.4 interpreter (see below), you’re golden.

Python 2.4.6 (#1, Dec 29 2009, 23:33:05)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5646)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>

While we’re at it, let’s symlink easy_install-2.4 as well. We’ll need this for ZopeSkel:

cd /usr/bin
sudo ln -s /Users/kevin/src/python/python-2.4/bin/easy_install-2.4 easy_install-2.4

If you ever happen to meet Florian Schulze, thank him for this buildout.

Step 3: Creating a Plone 3 Buildout (finally, right?)

To make a buildout, we’re gonna need Paster. To get Paster, we’re gonna need ZopeSkel. Let’s use that newly symlinked easy_install-2.4 to get ’em.

cd ~
easy_install-2.4 -U ZopeSkel

This installs what we need, but again deep in our user directory. A symlinking we will go:

cd /usr/bin
sudo ln -s /Users/kevin/src/python/python-2.4/bin/paster paster-2.4

Notice I named this particular Paster “paster-2.4”. That’s in case we ever install paster for a different version of Python, we’ll know which one is which.

Now let’s pick a home for our buildouts. I like to create a directory called “workspace” next to my “src” directory (sigh… good ol’ Eclipse). Make that directory, and move into it with these commands:

mkdir workspace
cd workspace

To start a new buildout, type the following command:

paster-2.4 create -t plone3_buildout myplone

Paster will ask you a lot of questions, like what version of Plone you want, and which Zope to use. Hit enter to accept all of the defaults. When Paster is done running, go into the directory you just created, bootstrap the buildout, and run buildout with the following commands:

cd myplone
python2.4 bootstrap.py
bin/buildout

If buildout ran without any errors, the last line of the Terminal output will look like this:

Generated interpreter '/Users/kevin/workspace/myplone/bin/zopepy'.

Step 4: Starting Plone

With our buildout created, now we simply start Zope with the following command:

bin/instance start

Point your browser to http://localhost:8080/manage_main, type in the username and password you supplied to Paster, and add a Plone site through the ZMI. Welcome to Plone on Snow Leopard!